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Medical leech therapy

Hirudotherapy is a medical field which specialises in treatments with the use of medical leeches (ICPM, 99.991). Hirudotherapy owes its efficacy to the 160 hirudo compounds which are inserted into the treated organism.

This form of therapy aids the physiotherapists in treating the following conditions:

  • chronic pain conditions of joints and spine
  • swelling
  • sinus pain
  • migraines
  • sciatica
  • contusions following the joint sprains/bone fractures
  • post-operational conditions

Valuable compounds produced by medical leeches

Hirudin – an anticoagulant

Apyrase – decreases blood viscosity

Lipase and esterase – stimulate fat breakdown

Egline – an anti-inflammatory agent

Destabilize  – regenerates blood vessels and regulates the level of sugar in blood, stabilises blood pressure

Hyaluronidase – a strong, natural antibiotic, simultaneously an element enabling fast permeation of the neighbouring cells and tissues through cell membrane, it contains numbing substances which cause widening of blood vessels (vasodilation) 

Anti-elastase – slows down skin aging process

Neurotransmitters – biochemical compounds stabilising the flow of electric impulses in nerve cells (dopamine, serotonin, acetylcholine, enkephalin) 

Contraindications for undergoing hirudotherapy:

  • pregnancy
  • hemophilia
  • anemia
  • exhaustion
  • taking anticoagulants
  • hipothony
  • post upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding state
  • severe signs of internal diseases
  • immunosuppression
  • serious allergy
  • menstruation
  • being under the influence of alcohol/drugs 

The effectiveness depends on a number of factors:

  • Correct diagnosis
  • Right technique
  • Estimating the necessary amount of leeches needed to carry out therapy
  • Combining hirudotherapy with adequate forms of manual therapy

The task of functional training is to restore lost movement patterns that are necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Also, if we want to get better at something, we must increase the effectiveness of certain movement patterns. This training is not strictly about strengthening muscles, but about making them better at dealing with external stressors. Our functional training focuses not only on one area and on the maximum reconstruction of lost function (which appear e.g. after an accident, immobilization or prolonged inactivity), but also on harmonizing the whole body during training.